Fair Play for Children Online Library — Children’s Rights

3rd Protocol to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

After several years of negotiations on an international level, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations has adopted on the 17th of June 2011, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child to provide a communications procedure regarding violations of the rights of child.

Alternative Report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child
Re UK Quinquennial Review 2016

Fair Play for Children’s submission LINK HERE

A Decade for Childhood, 2010–2020

Our understanding of childhood as a critical stage of human life has grown exponentially in recent years. At the same time we see a constellation of disturbing trends that devalue and endanger children?s healthy development.

- The Alliance for Childhood/ The Association for Childhood Education International -

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ACCEPTABLE BEHAVIOUR CONTRACTS AND AGREEMENTS

This guidance booklet has been produced by the Home Office’s Anti-Social Behaviour and Alcohol Unit, in response to demand from practitioners for an accessible guide to current practice in this field. It has been drawn up with the help and advice of a range of partner agencies, including the police and local authorities. It reflects what is actually being done with ABCs/ABAs, by agencies that have found this intervention an effective part of the toolkit for tackling anti-social behaviour.

- The Home Office, August 2007 -

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Alternative Report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child Re UK Quinquennial Review 2016

This Report is published by Fair Play for Children as regards the review of the Committee on the Rights of the Child concerning State Party, the United Kingdom. It is concerned with the UK record as regards Article 31 of the Convention, Article 12 and other related Articles and issues.

Jan Cosgrove — Fair Play for Children -

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American Bar Association Urges US to Ratify Optional Protocol on Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict

- American Bar Association -

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An overview of child labour in agriculture

Seventy per cent of working children are in agriculture — over 132 million girls and boys aged 5–14 years old. The vast majority of the world?s child labourers are not toiling in factories and sweatshops or working as domestics or street vendors in urban areas, they are working on farms and plantations, often from sun up to sun down, planting and harvesting crops, spraying pesticides, and tending livestock on rural farms and plantations.

- ILO -

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Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003 — explanatory notes

Notes re the 2003 Act

- Her Majesty’s Stationery Office -

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Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003 — The Act

This UK Act allows the police to designate an area, and having done so to allow a police officer to remove anyone s/he “reasonably” believes to be under 16 to their homes if they are out after 9pm. Widely condemned by children’s rights groups, yet several hundred such areas declared by UK local authorities.

- Her Majesty’s Stationery Office -

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Appointment of the Children’s Commissioner for England Third Report of Session 2014?15

Report, together with formal minutes and written evidence

- JK Parliament -

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Business practices and lessons learned on addressing child labour

The Child Labour Platform was set up by The Sustainable Trade Initiative (IDH) at the request of the Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment and in cooperation with UN Global Compact. As of 2012 the Child Labour Platform will continue as thematic initiative as part of the UN Global Compact Labour Working Group. IDH coordinated the Child Labour Platform as well as the publication of this booklet, which summarizes the experiences, practices and lessons learned, shared during the first year of the Platform. The Booklet thus draws on extensive input from the participating companies and partners of the Child Labour Platform.

- The Child Labour Platform -

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Childhood free from corporal punishment

– changing law and practice

A special progress report prepared for the high-level conference
hosted by Sweden’s Ministry of Health and Social Affairs in
Stockholm, June 2014, celebrating the 25th anniversary of the
adoption of the CRC and the 35th anniversary of Sweden’s
pioneering ban on all corporal punishment of children

LINK

Child labour prevention in agriculture

Because of poverty, the breakdown of the family, the demand for cheap labour, family indebtedness, household shocks due to HIV and other reasons, many younger children end up doing work that poses a risk to their physical and psychological development or to their right to formal education. The prevention and mitigation of child labour has always been an implicit element of the JFFLS approach through its emphasis on child protection as a guiding principle and through its aim to promote decent work in agriculture for youth.

- ILO -

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Children are Everyone’s Business — Pilot workbook — unite for children

A practical workbook to help companies understand and address their impact on children?s rights. UNICEF developed this Workbook to support your company?s efforts to better understand and address its impact on children ? in the workplace, marketplace, community and the environment.

- UNICEF -

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Children on the edge of care

A report of children?s views by the Children?s Rights Director for England

Roger Morgan — Ofsted -

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Children’s Rights in the Digital Age

Unicef — A download from children around the world

LINK

COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD Fifty-first session Geneva, 25 May-12 June 2009

The right of all children to be heard and taken seriously constitutes one of the fundamental values of the Convention. The Committee on the Rights of the Child (the Committee) has identified article 12 as one of the four general principles of the Convention, the others being the right to non-discrimination, the right to life and development, and the primary consideration of the child?s best interests, which highlights the fact that this article establishes not only a right in itself, but should also be considered in the interpretation and implementation of all other rights.

- United Nations -

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COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD Forty-ninth session CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES UNDER ARTICLE 44 OF THE CONVENTION Concluding observations United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

The full text of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child Examination of the state of Children’s Rights in the UK in 2008

UN Committee Rights of the Child — United Nations -

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Concluding observations on the fifth periodic report of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

The Committee considered the fifth periodic report of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (CRC/C/GBR/5) at its 2114th and 2115th meetings (see CRC/C/SR.2114 and 2115), held on 23 and 24 May 2016, and adopted the following concluding observations at its 2132nd meeting.

UN Committee on the Rights of the Child — UN Committee on the Rights of the Child -

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Concluding observations on the fifth periodic report of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child considered the fifth periodic report of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (CRC/C/GBR/5) at its 2114th and 2115th meetings (see CRC/C/SR.2114 and 2115), held on 23 and 24 May 2016, and adopted the following concluding observations at its 2132nd meeting (see CRC/C/SR.2132), held on 3 June 2016.

- UNCRC -

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Consolidated Good Practices in Education and Child Labour

Education is pivotal to eliminating and preventing child labour, to establishing a skilled workforce and to promoting development based on the principles of social justice and human rights. The international community?s efforts to achieve EFA and the progressive elimination of child labour are therefore inextricably linked. On the one hand, education is a key tool in preventing child labour. Children with little or no access to quality education have little alternative but to enter the labour market where they are often forced to work in dangerous and exploitative conditions. On the other hand, child labour is a major obstacle to the achievement of EFA, since children who are working full time cannot go to school. For those who combine work and school, their educational achievement will suffer and there is a strong tendency for them to drop out of school to go into full-time employment.

- ILO -

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Council conclusions on child labour — 14 June 2010 EU

The Council expresses its deep concern about the fact that over 200 million children are still engaged in child labour, more than a half of which are in hazardous work. The Council reaffirms its commitment to protect and promote the rights of the child, including the right of children to enjoy education and to live a life free from child labour.

- EU -

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COUNCIL OF EUROPE ACTIONS TO PROMOTE CHILDREN’S RIGHTS TO PROTECTION FROM ALL FORMS OF VIOLENCE

The Council of Europe was established to defend parliamentary democracy, human rights and the rule of law. Pursuing the fundamental rights of everyone to respect for their human dignity and physical integrity, the Council is making a powerful impact on the protection of children from all forms of violence across the continent. Its varied components have contributed to making violence against children more visible ? and thus revealed the size of the task remaining to prevent and eliminate it. This publication summarises and references the most relevant actions.

- UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre — ISBN: 88–89129–22–0

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CRC AT 25

25th Anniversary of the UN Convention on the Rights of The Child

LINK

Do we need a UK Bill of Rights?

The ?Rights of the Child UK? (ROCK) is a coalition of voluntary organisations and individuals from across the UK pushing for the full incorporation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) into UK law. This submission is endorsed by the following ROCK member organisations, several of whom are large membership organisations in their own right: ? Article 12 in Scotland ? Centre for Studies on Inclusive Education ? Children in Wales ? Children’s Rights Alliance for England ? The Children’s Society ? Coram Children’s Legal Centre ? The Fatherhood Institute ? Howard League for Penal Reform ? National Children’s Bureau ? Just Fair ? Save the Children ? Scope ? Together ? Scottish Alliance for Children’s Rights ? UNICEF UK ? Voice

- ROCK Coalition -

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Dr Maggie Atkinson, Children’s Commissioner for England: Speech at the South East Participation Conference

Speech at the South East Participation Conference 22 February 2011

Dr Maggie Atkinson — -

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ELIMINATING DISCRIMINATION AGAINST CHILDREN AND PARENTS
BASED ON SEXUAL ORIENTATION AND/ OR GENDER IDENTITY

Unicef Position Report

LINK

European Convention on the Exercise of Children’s Rights

Strasbourg, 25.I.1996. Text of Convention ratified by a number of EU states

- Council of Europe -

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Europe’s children in care ? what role for the EU?

Presentation in round table discussion at the occasion of the launch of Eurochild?s survey on children in alternative care.

Jan Ja?ab, Regional Representative for Europe — Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights -

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Fairness in Flowers Campaign Toolkit

Report on use of women and child labour in flower-growing industry

- International Labor Rights Forum -

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Follow-up to the UN Secretary-General’s Study on Violence against Children

The Secretary-Generalâ??s Study on Violence against Children (A/61/299) reveals the widespread and intolerable use of violence against children worldwide. The study found that violence affects both girls and boys of all ages, all social contexts, and all nationalities. The short and long-term repercussions of this violence are devastatingâ??including injuries, disabilities, life-long emotional and psychological effects, sometimes death, as well as significant economic and other costs to society. The Study presents a comprehensive set of recommendations detailing necessary steps to prevent and respond to violence against children.

- CRIN and others -

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Global Jobs Pact — Contributing to the fight against child labour

The global economic crisis and its aftermath mean the world faces the prospect of a prolonged increase in unemployment, deepening poverty and inequality. Among those that stand to be most affected are the children of the world?s poor and vulnerable families. Increasing unemployment and poverty threaten to jepoardise children?s education, health and welfare. The result could be to halt, or even to reverse, the recent global progress in reducing child labour and increasing childrens? access to education.

- IPEC -

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Human Trafficking in Iraq — Patterns and Practices in Forced Labor and Sexual Exploitation

Human trafficking in the form of forced prostitution and labor has long existed in Iraq, as has forced marriage and domestic servitude within the family, tribe and community. Since the 2003 invasion and subsequent civil war, Iraq has increasingly been a source of trafficking victims who are transported to neighboring countries, as well as a destination for foreign workers who are at risk of trafficking and come to Iraq from the Philippines, Nepal, Bangladesh and other countries where poverty is widespread. Furthermore, internal conflict and breakdown in law and order has resulted in a rise in kidnapping and trafficking from one location to another within Iraq.

- prepared by Heartland Alliance for Human Needs & Human Rights -

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Impact of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of
the Child on Children’s and Young People’s Online and
Digital Interactions

House of Lords Library 2014

LINK

JUVENILE JUSTICE REFORM IN CONNECTICUT:

How Collaboration and Commitment Have Improved Public Safety and Outcomes for Youth

LINK

Lost in Care — Report of the Tribunal of Inquiry into the Abuse of Children in Care in the Former County Council Areas of Gwynedd and Clwyd since 1974

On 17 June 1996 the Secretary of State for Wales, the Rt Hon William Hague MP, informed the House of Commons of the Government’s decision, subject to the approval of both Houses of Parliament, that there should be a judicial inquiry, with the powers conferred by the Tribunals of Inquiry (Evidence) Act 1921, into the alleged abuse of children in care in the former county council areas of Gwynedd and Clwyd since 1974.

- HMSO — ISBN 0 10 556660 8

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Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth in the Juvenile Justice System

The Annie E. Casey Foundation has developed this practice guide to support Juvenile Detention Alternative Initiative (JDAI) sites in meeting their obligation to ensure the safety and well-being of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT)* youth involved in the juvenile justice system.
The guide covers a wide range of policies and practices — from broad organizational measures such as staff training and nondiscrimination policies, to specific practices such as talking with youth about sexual orientation and gender identity and making individualized classification and housing decisions.

Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative a project of the annie e. casey foundation

LINK

MIGRATING ALONE — UNACCOMPANIED AND SEPARATED CHILDREN’S MIGRATION TO EUROPE

The independent migration of children, while having several characteristics and many links in common with that of adults, has emerged as a specific phenomenon all over the world. The planned, forced or spontaneous decision to abandon the household and country of origin takes on a new dimension when the people involved in a long and often dangerous migration adventure are sometimes just in their early teens. Since the early 1990s, most European countries have been destination or transit points (sometimes both) for these young migrants.

Edited by J. Kanics, D. Senovilla Hernández and K. Touzenis — UNESCO Publishing — ISBN 978 92 3 104091 7

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No Fear — Growing up in a risk averse society

No Fear joins the increasingly vigorous debate about the role and nature of childhood in the UK. Over the past 30 years activities that previous generations of children enjoyed without a second thought have been relabelled as troubling or dangerous, and the adults who permit them branded as irresponsible. No Fear argues that childhood is being undermined by the growth of risk aversion and its intrusion into every aspect of childrenâ??s lives. This restricts childrenâ??s play, limits their freedom of movement, corrodes their relationships with adults and constrains their exploration of physical, social and virtual worlds.

Tim Gill — Gulbenkian -

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Opening statement by Ms. Navanethem Pillay United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights at the Open-ended Working Group on an Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child to provide a communications procedure

“It is encouraging to note that much progress has been made since you met for the first time, almost one year ago, to explore the possibility of elaborating an Optional Protocol. In the course of your deliberations at that time it became clear that there was a need for an instrument providing children the same level of protection envisaged for right holders by other international core human rights treaties. Following your discussions, the Council extended the mandate of the Working Group and requested its Chairperson to prepare a proposal for a draft.

Ms. Navanethem Pillay — United Nations -

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OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE
CHILD ON THE INVOLVEMENT OF CHILDREN IN ARMED CONFLICT

UN

LINK

OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE
CHILD ON THE SALE OF CHILDREN, CHILD PROSTITUTION AND
CHILD PORNOGRAPHY

UN

LINK

PRIORITIES FOR WALES — UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD

THE UN COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD (UNCRC) EXAMINED THE UK GOVERNMENT IN SEPTEMBER 2008 TO SEE HOW WELL IT IS PROTECTING CHILDREN?S HUMAN RIGHTS. THE COMMITTEE MEETS EVERY FOUR TO FIVE YEARS TO REVIEW THE PROGRESS THAT HAS BEEN MADE. INFORMATION ON THE PROGRESS THAT HAD BEEN MADE WAS PROVIDED BY THE FOUR UK GOVERNMENTS (ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, NORTHERN IRELAND AND WALES), AND OTHER ORGANISATIONS WHO HAVE AN INTEREST IN CHILDREN?S RIGHTS. THE UN COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD ASKED A NUMBER OF QUESTIONS ABOUT KEY PRIORITIES AND THE FOLLOWING WERE AGREED FOR WALES AND SUBMITTED TO THE UN COMMITTEE.

- WELSH ASSEMBLY GOVERNMENT -

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Research on Children’s Rights in Education

The nursery setting can be viewed as a meeting place for diverse individual and group identities (DECET, 2008). Under the UNCRC (1989), every child from birth, along with other rights, has a right to an identity (Article 8) and non discrimination (Article 2). Balancing between developing positive individual and diverse identities with more collective and universal identities is a challenge for every early years setting. Seminar report.

Kristina Konstantoni — EERA -

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Review of the Office of the Children’s Commissioner

The recommendations in this report strengthen the remit, powers and independence of the Commissioner, which will set the Commissioner apart from the many children?s organisations and provide the Commissioner with a unique role.

- Department for Education/HMSO -

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Office of the Children’s Commissioner for England

Standard Note: SN/SP/6347 Last updated: 27 March 2014
Author: Robert Long Section Social Policy Section House of Commons Library

This note provides information on the development of the Office of the Children’s Commissioner for England since its establishment in 2005. England was the last country in the UK to establish a Children’s Commissioner, and for completeness the note includes information on the establishment of commissioners in Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland. The introduction of the Children’s Commissioner for England is discussed, as well as the Dunford Review of the role in 2010. The review prompted the Government to strengthen the role in the Children and Families Act 2014.

LINK

State Report on the Convention on the Rights of the Child — China’s Practice and Views

The status quo and application of ….

- not stated -

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Shrimp Peelers — Video re Child Labour

LINK

Sweet Hazards

Child labor on sugarcane plantations in the Philippines

- Terre des Hommes Netherlands, 2005 -

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Teaching and learning about child rights: A study of implementation in 26 countries

Lee Jerome, Lesley Emerson, Laura Lundy and Karen Orr © LEE JEROME

LINK

Testimony: Public Hearing — Goods from Countries Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor

“The Child Labor Product List takes the important step of creating a platform from which consumers and other market actors can fully participate, through advocacy or simply through their daily purchasing decisions, in informing companies and policy-makers of their desires over how to help meaningfully change the lives of child laborers for the better by promoting sustainable solutions for economic development through their own economic decisions.”

- US Department of Labor -

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The Cocoa Protocol: Success or Failure?

People around the world share a love of chocolate, one of the most delicious and pleasurable foods on earth. However, thousands of Africaâ??s children are forced to labor in the production of cocoa, chocolateâ??s primary ingredient. The West African nation of Cote dâ??Ivoire (Ivory Coast) is the leading supplier of cocoa, accounting for more than 40% of global production. Low cocoa prices and lower labor costs drive farmers to employ children as a means to survive.

- International Labor Rights Forum -

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THE CRC THEORY OF CHIILDREN’’S RIGHTS:: WORK IIN PROGRESS

The question of the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) has been a subject of public and academic debate in the US. Yet, most of this discussion has focused on the Convention’s potential influence on a number of specific issues such as abortion, parental rights, and children litigating against their parents. Missing from this debate is an emphasis on a broader evaluation of the conceptual change in the meaning of childhood and children’s rights embedded in the Convention.

Tamar Morag — Tamar Morag -

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The EU approach to combating child labour

Conference presentation

- European Union -

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THE GAZA BLOCKADE: CHILDREN AND EDUCATION FACT SHEET

Arabic Version — Facts and figures about the Gaza Blockade

- AIDA -

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The Individual Complaints Procedure under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure from the German Legal Perspective

- National Coalition for the Implementation of the UN-Convention on the Rights of the Child in Germany -

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The Individual Complaints Procedure under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure from the German Legal Perspective Legal study prepared on behalf of Kindernothilfe e.V. in cooperation with the National Coalition Germany ? Network for the Implementation of the UN Child Rights Convention

Dr. Mehrdad Payandeh, LL.M. (Yale) — National Coalition Germany ? Network for the Implementation of the UN Child Rights Convention -

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The Individual Complaints Procedure under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure from the German Legal Perspective Legal study prepared on behalf of Kindernothilfe e.V. in cooperation with the National Coalition Germany ? Network for the Implementation of the UN Child Rights Convention

Dr. Mehrdad Payandeh, LL.M. (Yale) — National Coalition Germany ? Network for the Implementation of the UN Child Rights Convention -

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The Use of isolation Rooms and School Rules

A study by a voluntary sector youth rights worker in West Sussex, UK, about a situation reported to her by pupils at a Secondary School in the County. The report raises serious concerns re their rights and quality of education.

Dot Gill BSC Hons Fair Play for Children
WEBLINK: http://www.fairplay31.epizy.com/Exclusion.pdf

The worst of all bad habits

There is one aspect of corporal punishment which is rarely mentioned, but should be: its sexual side. Some people experience a profound psychological need to dominate a defenseless victim, including the need to inflict terror and pain by beating. This compulsion probably has its origin in their own early experience of cruelty at some critical stage of their development

- Parents and Teachers Against Violence in Education -

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Toolkit on Diversion and Alternatives to Detention — Child Rights and International Legal Framework

Unicef

LINK

TO ‘TRULY UNIVERSALIZE’ CHILD RIGHTS GLOBAL COMMUNITY MUST REACH NEEDIEST CHILDREN IN CRITICAL EARLY YEARS WITH NUTRITION, PROTECTION, THIRD COMMITTEE TOLD

Head of UN Children?s Fund Addresses Committee; also Hears Special Envoys On Children and Armed Conflict, Violence against Children, Sale of Children

- United Nations -

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UK Children’s Commissioners’ Report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child

This is the first time that the Committee will be able to make its Concluding Observations in the knowledge that there are independent institutions in the UK committed to promoting and monitoring implementation. It will assist us in our task if the Committee can hold the Government accountable through clear recommendations about specific actions and the mechanisms needed to monitor implementation.

UK Children Commissioners — UK Children Commissioners -

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UK Children’s Commissioners. Report to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child 2008

This is the first time that the Committee will be able to make its Concluding Observations in the knowledge that there are independent institutions in the UK committed to promoting and monitoring implementation. It will assist us in our task if the Committee can hold the Government accountable through clear recommendations about specific actions and the mechanisms needed to monitor implementation.

The UK Children’s Commissioners

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UK Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child — Civil Society alternative report 2015

This report has been produced by the Children’s Rights Alliance for England
(CRAE) with the support of a large number of individuals and organisations.

LINK

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

The seminal international Convention on Children’s Rights signed up to by the vast majority of nations.

- UNICEF -

HTML online
or for printing

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT — Fourth Amendment Violation

We are asked to decide whether the actions of a child protective services caseworker and deputy sheriff, understandably concerned for the well-being of two young girls, exceeded the bounds of the constitution. Specifically, the girls? mother, Sarah Greene, alleges, on behalf of S.G., one of her children, that the caseworker, Bob Camreta, and deputy sheriff, James Alford, violated the Fourth Amendment when they seized and interrogated S.G. in a private office at her school for two hours without a warrant, probable cause, or parental consent.

Opinion by Judge Berzon — -

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WILL WE EVER HAVE A FAIR EDUCATION FOR ALL?

The Fair Education Alliance Report Card 2014

LINK

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Jan Cosgrove

Jan Cosgrove

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National Secretary of Fair Play for Children, Also runs Bognor Regis Herald online. Plus runs British Music Radio online